cgd-carma

CGD Ranks CO2 Emissions from Power Plants Worldwide

It Answers: How Green is Your Power?

WASHINGTON: Now for the first time, the CO2 emissions of 50,000 power plants worldwide, the globe’s most concentrated source of greenhouse gases, have been compiled into a massive new data base, called CARMA–Carbon Monitoring for Action.

The on-line database, compiled by the Center for Global Development (CGD), an independent policy and research organization that focuses on how the actions of the rich world shape the lives of poor people in developing countries, lays out exactly where the CO2 emitters are and how much of the greenhouse gas they are casting into the atmosphere. It also shows which companies own the plants.

A research team, led by David Wheeler, a senior fellow at CGD, constructed the enormous database to help speed the shift to less carbon-intensive power generation — with the objective of minimizing global warming which is and will hurt poor people in developing countries first and worst. The CARMA data is arrayed on a user-friendly website: www.CARMA.org.

The database and its website rank individual power plants, plotting their location by latitude and longitude. The data for total power-related emissions can be displayed by cities, states or provinces, and countries. For the U.S., emissions data are also available for Congressional districts, counties and metro areas, making it possible for the first time to compare total power-related emissions by locality.

Rankings of the 4,000 electric power companies in the world show which are the biggest carbon polluters, globally, nationally, and at sub-national levels. Company-level data include emissions and power generation for 2000 and 2007, as well as estimates of future emissions and power generation from planned expansions. Data will be updated regularly as facility ownership changes and new plants come online.

Power generation accounts for about one-quarter of total emissions of CO2, the main culprit in global warming. But, until now, people concerned about climate change lacked information about the emissions of particular power plants and the identities of the companies that own them.

“CARMA makes information about power-related CO2 emissions transparent to people throughout the world,” says Dr. Wheeler, an expert in the use of public information disclosure to reduce pollution. “Information leads to action. We know that this works for other forms of pollution and we believe it can work for greenhouse gas emissions, too.”

“We expect that institutional and private investors, insurers, lenders, environmental and consumer groups and individual activists will use the CARMA data to encourage power companies to burn less coal and oil and to shift to renewable power sources, such as wind and solar,” Dr. Wheeler says. Earlier research by Wheeler and his co-authors showed that highly-polluting plants in China and Indonesia responded to pressure from neighboring communities and lenders by reducing pollution significantly after public disclosure of their emissions.

On a per capita basis, Australians are some of the largest CO2 emitters in the world, producing more than 11 tons of power sector CO2 emissions per person every year. Americans aren’t far behind at more than 9 tons per person. Populous developing nations have far lower per capita emissions. For example, the average Chinese citizen produces 2 tons of CO2 emissions from power generation annually, and Indians emit about half of one ton per person.

A recent study by William Cline, a joint senior fellow at CGD and the Peterson Institute for International Economics, predicts that agricultural productivity in developing countries will decline sharply by 2080, as crops in areas closer to the equator suffer from the effects of increased heat and drought. Averting such a disaster would require rapid emission reductions in the first half of this century. CARMA is intended to help speed the necessary emission reductions.

CARMA data come from government reports and often from the plants themselves. Where directly reported emissions data are lacking, the CARMA team has estimated emissions, with 90 percent or greater confidence, using a statistical model based on the type and age of plant, the type of fuel, and the amount of power generated.

The resulting information is displayed using a five-color rating system and differently sized circles based on the amount of power produced. CARMA highlights low-carbon power producers and flags dangerous emitters. Rankings range from nearly zero emissions, Green, to extremely dirty, Red.

“CARMA is unique, one of a kind–a world standard,” says CGD president Nancy Birdsall. “Never before has this kind of detailed information been made available on a global scale. Not only is it likely to catalyze action to cut emissions now, it also strengthens the knowledge base for monitoring any future international market-based agreement, whether a carbon tax or cap-and-trade. Let us hope it speeds the way to an agreement — which matters immensely for the well-being of hundreds of millions of people in developing countries.”

The U.S. Dirty Dozen

Globally, power generation emits nearly 10 billion tons of CO2 per year. The U.S., with over 8,000 power plants out of the more than 50,000 worldwide, accounts for about 25 percent of that total or 2.8 billion tons. CARMA shows that the U.S.’s biggest CO2 emitter is Southern Co. with annual emissions of 172 million tons, followed by American Electric Power Company Inc., Duke Energy Corp., and AES Corp.

Annually, the 12 biggest CO2 polluting power plants in the United States are:

  • The Scherer plant in Juliet, GA — 25.3 million tons
  • The Miller plant in Quinton, AL — 20.6 million tons
  • The Bowen plant in Cartersville, GA — 20.5 million tons
  • The Gibson plant in Owensville, IN — 20.4 million tons
  • The W.A. Parish plant in Thompsons, TX — 20 million tons
  • The Navajo plant in Page, AZ — 19.9 million tons
  • The Martin Lake plant in Tatum, TX — 19.8 million tons
  • The Cumberland plant in Cumberland City, TN — 19.6 million tons
  • The Gavin plant in Cheshire, OH — 18.7 million tons
  • The Sherburne County plant in Becker, MN — 17.9 million tons
  • The Bruce Mansfield plant in Shippingport, PA — 17.4 million tons
  • The Rockport plant in Rockport, IN — 16.6 million tons

All are coal-fired power plants.

Low-carbon power comes mostly from nuclear and hydro plants, which do not emit CO2, but do pose other potential environmental problems. The largest U.S. power plant to win a green rating for nearly zero CO2 emissions is the Palo Verde nuclear plant near Phoenix, Arizona; it produces about 26 million megawatt-hours (MWh) of electricity per year. Other large plants that are emitting zero CO2 but produce substantial electricity are:

  • The South Texas plant in Wadsworth, TX — 20.9 million MWh
  • The Limerick plant in Pottstown, PA — 20.8 million MWh
  • The Vogtle plant in Wanyesboro, GA — 20.1 million MWh
  • The Byron plant in Byron, IL — 20 million MWh
  • The Braidwood plant in Braceville, IL — 19.8 million MWh

All are nuclear power plants.

According to CARMA data, the Ohio River Valley, the southeastern U.S. and Texas are the dirtiest regions in terms of CO2 emissions. The least dirty CO2 region is the West Coast, where much of the electric power is generated by nuclear and hydroelectric plants.

The state with the greatest CO2 emissions from electricity generation is Texas (290 million tons), followed by Florida (157 million tons), Indiana (137 million tons), Pennsylvania (136 million tons), Ohio (133 million tons), Illinois (113 million tons), Kentucky (98 million tons), Georgia (92 million tons), Michigan (91 million tons) and Alabama (91 million tons).

The District of Columbia has the lowest power-related emissions (113,000 tons), followed by Vermont (437,000 tons), Idaho (1 million tons), Rhode Island (2.6 million tons); South Dakota (4.7 million tons); and Alaska (6 million tons).

At the county level, Walker County in Alabama, where power plants produce over 28 million tons of CO2 each year, heads the list of CO2 emitters. Grundy County in Illinois, with two large nuclear plants, and Taylor County in Texas, which relies almost exclusively on renewable resources, have nearly zero CO2 emissions.

Browsing CARMA offers some surprising contrasts that show how different approaches to power generation can make huge differences in emissions. For example: The CO2 output from power plants in California, with some 36 million people, is nearly the same as that of North Carolina, which has only one-quarter of California’s population. North Carolina gets about half its power from coal; California relies on a mix of natural gas, hydro, nuclear power, and renewable energy.

Residents of Austin, Texas, including faculty and students of the University of Texas at Austin, have the highest-emitting power facility of any university town in the country, emitting some 400,000 tons a year.

The International Burden

Although no single country comes close to the 2.8 billion tons of CO2 produced annually by the U.S. power sector, other countries collectively account for three-quarters of the power-related CO2 burden. China comes second after the U.S. with 2.7 billion tons; followed by Russia — 661 million tons; India — 583 million tons; Japan — 400 million tons; Germany — 356 million tons; Australia — 226 million tons; South Africa — 222 million tons; the United Kingdom — 212 million tons; and South Korea — 185 million tons.

CARMA shows low power sector CO2 emissions from Hungary, Algeria, Kuwait, Singapore, Belarus, Portugal, Chile, Denmark, and Brazil.

“High U.S. emissions are partly the result of high living standards but they also reflect differences in energy policy. Europeans, with comparable living standards, emit less than half the power sector CO2 of the average American”, says Dr. Birdsall.

One surprise in the data is that the biggest emitters of CO2 in the world in absolute terms are located not in the rich world but in rapidly emerging economies with massive coal-fired plants.

Indeed, new research by Dr. Wheeler shows that even without CO2 emissions from the high income countries, rapidly rising emissions in developing countries would put them on track to produce their own climate crisis in just 20 years.

 CompanyCountryTons of CO2
1HUANENG POWER INTERNATIONALChina292,000,000
2ESKOMSouth Africa214,000,000
3NTPC LTDIndia182,000,000
4CHINA HUADIAN GROUP CORPChina176,000,000
5CHINA POWER INVESTMENT CORPChina173,000,000
6SOUTHERN COUnited States172,000,000
7AMERICAN ELECTRIC POWER CO INCUnited States169,000,000
8E.ON AGGermany144,000,000
9NORTH CHINA GRID CO LTDChina123,000,000
10RWE AGGermany108,000,000
11DATANG INTL POWER GEN COChina108,000,000
12DUKE ENERGY CORPUnited States108,000,000

“The CARMA data are a vivid illustration of the fact that rich countries and developing countries must work together to overcome the challenge of climate change,” says Dr. Wheeler. “Our research shows that although the rich world is still responsible for 60 percent of the carbon dioxide in the atmosphere, developing countries are catching up very quickly — and they will suffer the worst of the effects.”

Carbon emissions impose a huge cost on society by threatening the basic elements of life –access to water, food production, health and the environment. Economists have estimated these “social costs” at anywhere from $8 per ton to as high as $100 per ton of CO2.

Investors are expected to respond quickly to the CARMA data. Many are already concerned about the possible impact of future regulations on power company profits–whether or not they are worried about climate change. For such investors, CARMA provides an easy way to check the potential carbon liabilities of firms in which they invest. CARMA includes links to stock market information for many publicly traded companies.

Investors who believe that society will eventually insist that CO2 polluters pay part of the costs can easily calculate power firms’ potential liability by multiplying the number of tons of CO2 emitted annually by a per-ton charge they think likely and subtracting the result from the company’s profits.

“Even if you assume a fairly low charge of about $20 per ton of CO2, power producers that rely heavily on fossil fuels will have to shift rapidly toward renewable energy if they are to remain profitable,” Dr. Wheeler says.

By comparison, power companies that rely heavily on low-carbon technologies–hydropower, nuclear, wind, and solar–face fewer potential climate-related liabilities. CARMA makes it easy to find these companies: large power producers with low-carbon emissions intensity earn a large Green circle, while large power producers that emit a lot of CO2 get a large Red circle.

CARMA’s maps and geographical interface will be useful for states, cities, and counties that have pledged to reduce their carbon footprint. For example, CARMA will assist the nearly 700 US mayors who have signed the Mayors Climate Protection Agreement.

Jacob Scherr, Senior Attorney at the Natural Resources Defense Council, says that the data will be helpful to states and cities that want to cut emissions from local power plants as part of their climate change strategies. “Across the U.S., in the absence of federal action, many states and cities are eager to take action,” he says. “This data will help state and local leaders to measure their progress.”

* * *

Annexes
Table 1. Top-100 Highest CO2-Emitting Power Plants in the United States
Table 2. Power Sector CO2 Emissions by State
Table 3. Top-25 CO2-Free Power Plants in the United States
Table 4. Top-100 Highest CO2-Emitting Power Sectors by U.S. County
Table 5. Top-25 CO2-Free Power Sectors by U.S. County
Map. Power Plants in the Continental United States
Table 6. Top-25 Highest CO2-Emitting Power Plants Worldwide
Table 7. Top-50 Countries with Highest CO2-Emitting Power Sectors

Table 1. Top-100 Highest CO2-Emitting Power Plants in the United States

 PlantCityStateTons of CO2
1SCHERERJulietteGeorgia25,300,000
2MILLERQuintonAlabama20,600,000
3BOWENCartersvilleGeorgia20,500,000
4GIBSONOwensvilleIndiana20,400,000
5WA PARISHThompsonsTexas20,000,000
6NAVAJOPageArizona19,900,000
7MARTIN LAKETatumTexas19,800,000
8CUMBERLAND Cumberland CityTennessee19,600,000
9GAVINCheshireOhio18,700,000
10SHERBURNE COUNTYBeckerMinnesota17,900,000
11BRUCE MANSFIELDShippingportPennsylvania17,400,000
12ROCKPORT RockportIndiana16,600,000
13JIM BRIDGERPoint Of RocksWyoming16,500,000
14LABADIELabadieMissouri16,400,000
15MONTICELLO Mount PleasantTexas16,300,000
16JEFFREYSaint MarysKansas16,300,000
17INTERMOUNTAINDeltaUtah16,100,000
18MONROE MonroeMichigan15,900,000
19JOHN E AMOSSaint AlbansWest Virginia15,300,000
20ROXBORORoxboroNorth Carolina15,100,000
21CRYSTAL RIVER 4&5Crystal RiverFlorida15,100,000
22CROSSCrossSouth Carolina15,000,000
23FOUR CORNERSFruitlandNew Mexico14,800,000
24PARADISEDrakesboroKentucky14,500,000
25BIG CAJUN TWOVentressLouisiana14,300,000
26HARRISONHaywoodWest Virginia14,200,000
27WH SAMMISStrattonOhio13,800,000
28BELEWS CREEKBelews CreekNorth Carolina13,600,000
29BALDWINBaldwinIllinois13,600,000
30JM STUARTAberdeenOhio13,400,000
31LIMESTONEJewettTexas13,300,000
32SAN JUAN WaterflowNew Mexico13,000,000
33HOMER CITYHomer CityPennsylvania12,800,000
34BARRYBucksAlabama12,800,000
35MOUNT STORMMount StormWest Virginia12,700,000
36MARSHALL TerrellNorth Carolina12,600,000
37PETERSBURG PetersburgIndiana12,500,000
38WHITE BLUFFRedfieldArkansas12,400,000
39COLSTRIP 3&4ColstripMontana12,300,000
40GHENTGhentKentucky12,200,000
41EC GASTON WilsonvilleAlabama12,200,000
42INDEPENDENCE NewarkArkansas12,200,000
43CENTRALIACentraliaWashington12,100,000
44CONEMAUGHNew FlorencePennsylvania12,100,000
45FAYETTE La GrangeTexas12,000,000
46LA CYGNELacygneKansas11,900,000
47WELSHPittsburgTexas11,900,000
48WANSLEYRoopvilleGeorgia11,900,000
49MANATEEParrishFlorida11,700,000
50KEYSTONE SheloctaPennsylvania11,500,000
51CRAIG CraigColorado11,400,000
52GERALD GENTLEMANSutherlandNebraska11,100,000
53RM SCHAHFERWheatfieldIndiana11,000,000
54BIG BEND TampaFlorida10,700,000
55HUNTERCastle DaleUtah10,600,000
56COAL CREEKUnderwoodNorth Dakota10,600,000
57MUSKOGEEMuskogeeOklahoma10,600,000
58LARAMIE RIVERWheatlandWyoming10,100,000
59KINGSTONHarrimanTennessee10,100,000
60ST JOHNS RIVERJacksonvilleFlorida10,100,000
61CARDINALBrilliantOhio10,100,000
62WIDOWS CREEKStevensonAlabama9,976,111
63POWERTONPekinIllinois9,899,173
64BELLE RIVEREast ChinaMichigan9,884,783
65SHAWNEE West PaducahKentucky9,851,850
66BIG BROWNFairfieldTexas9,841,515
67SPRINGERVILLESpringervilleArizona9,733,431
68JH CAMPBELLWest OliveMichigan9,703,140
69PLEASANT PRAIRIEPleasant PrairieWisconsin9,689,624
70MILL CREEK LouisvilleKentucky9,638,247
71MARTIN COUNTYIndiantownFlorida9,484,494
72HARRINGTONAmarilloTexas9,460,767
73JOPPAJoppaIllinois9,222,084
74PPL BRUNNER ISLANDYork HavenPennsylvania9,117,831
75VJ DANIELEscatawpaMississippi9,094,414
76CONESVILLEConesvilleOhio9,059,955
77PPL MONTOURWashingtonvillePennsylvania8,964,147
78HATFIELDS FERRYMasontownPennsylvania8,958,911
79SEMINOLE PalatkaFlorida8,709,828
80ZIMMERMoscowOhio8,597,428
81WINYAHGeorgetownSouth Carolina8,585,641
82JOLIETJolietIllinois8,585,475
83COLUMBIA PardeevilleWisconsin8,565,041
84MITCHELL MoundsvilleWest Virginia8,478,185
85THOMAS HILLClifton HillMissouri8,348,213
86GORGAS TWOParrishAlabama8,257,516
87KINCAIDKincaidIllinois8,245,385
88ANTELOPE VALLEYBeulahNorth Dakota8,109,317
89CHOLLAJoseph CityArizona8,025,604
90CLIFTY CREEKMadisonIndiana8,012,940
91BRANDON SHORESCurtis BayMaryland7,928,767
92GRDAChouteauOklahoma7,925,736
93NEWTONNewtonIllinois7,798,570
94ST CLAIREast ChinaMichigan7,769,158
95TOLKEarthTexas7,756,687
96JOHNSONVILLE New JohnsonvilleTennessee7,735,183
97MOUNTAINEERNew HavenWest Virginia7,726,502
98NEW MADRIDNew MadridMissouri7,647,257
99HARLLEE BRANCHMilledgevilleGeorgia7,550,829
100MIAMI FORTNorth BendOhio7,546,313

Table 2. Power Sector CO2 Emissions by State

 StateTons of CO2
1Texas290,000,000
2Florida157,000,000
3Indiana137,000,000
4Pennsylvania136,000,000
5Ohio133,000,000
6Illinois113,000,000
7Kentucky98,300,000
8Georgia91,500,000
9Michigan91,400,000
10Alabama90,700,000
11West Virginia88,600,000
12Missouri82,500,000
13California79,200,000
14North Carolina77,700,000
15New York69,600,000
16Arizona64,500,000
17Tennessee63,300,000
18Louisiana61,000,000
19Oklahoma57,000,000
20Wisconsin54,800,000
21South Carolina52,500,000
22Virginia49,700,000
23Colorado47,200,000
24Wyoming45,900,000
25Kansas43,500,000
26Minnesota43,500,000
27Utah41,900,000
28Iowa38,800,000
29North Dakota37,600,000
30Arkansas35,400,000
31Maryland33,600,000
32New Mexico32,800,000
33Mississippi30,900,000
34Massachusetts29,400,000
35Nebraska24,400,000
36New Jersey22,100,000
37Nevada20,800,000
38Montana20,300,000
39Washington19,600,000
40Connecticut13,400,000
41Oregon12,600,000
42Hawaii9,805,652
43New Hampshire8,619,268
44Maine7,817,319
45Delaware7,313,223
46Alaska5,951,978
47South Dakota4,680,446
48Rhode Island2,614,260
49Idaho1,060,886
50Vermont436,856
51District of Columbia113,248

Table 3. Top-25 CO2-Free Power Plants in the United States

 PlantCityStateMWh per Year
1PALO VERDEPhoenixArizona26,000,000
2SOUTH TEXASWadsworthTexas20,900,000
3LIMERICKPottstownPennsylvania20,800,000
4VOGTLEWaynesboroGeorgia20,100,000
5BYRONByronIllinois20,000,000
6BRAIDWOODBracevilleIllinois19,800,000
7PEACH BOTTOMDeltaPennsylvania19,100,000
8OCONEESenecaSouth Carolina19,000,000
9LASALLE COUNTYMarseillesIllinois18,800,000
10CATAWBAYorkSouth Carolina18,400,000
11BROWNS FERRYAthensAlabama18,300,000
12COMANCHE PEAKGlen RoseTexas18,200,000
13MCGUIREHuntersvilleNorth Carolina18,200,000
14GRAND COULEEGrand CouleeWashington18,100,000
15SEQUOYAHSoddy DaisyTennessee18,100,000
16DC COOKBridgmanMichigan16,600,000
17ARKANSAS ONERussellvilleArkansas15,900,000
18SUSQUEHANNABerwickPennsylvania15,800,000
19HATCHBaxleyGeorgia15,300,000
20BRUNSWICK SouthportNorth Carolina15,300,000
21DIABLO CANYONAvila BeachCalifornia15,100,000
22ROBERT MOSES-NIAGARALewistonNew York15,000,000
23SAN ONOFRESan ClementeCalifornia14,900,000
24NORTH ANNAMineralVirginia14,700,000
25CALVERT CLIFFSLusbyMaryland14,000,000
Note: This list contains a mix of hydroelectric dams and nuclear power plants. Although they emit no CO2, they may produce other environmental damage.

Table 4. Top-100 Highest CO2-Emitting Power Sectors by U.S. County

 CountyStateTons of CO2
1WalkerAlabama28,800,000
2San JuanNew Mexico28,400,000
3HarrisTexas28,000,000
4GalliaOhio26,000,000
5MonroeGeorgia25,300,000
6IndianaPennsylvania24,600,000
7JeffersonOhio24,200,000
8KernCalifornia22,200,000
9BerkeleySouth Carolina21,900,000
10RuskTexas21,300,000
11Fort BendTexas21,300,000
12CitrusFlorida21,100,000
13PersonNorth Carolina20,600,000
14BartowGeorgia20,500,000
15GibsonIndiana20,400,000
16CoconinoArizona19,900,000
17MercerNorth Dakota19,600,000
18StewartTennessee19,600,000
19Saint ClairMichigan19,400,000
20BeaverPennsylvania18,800,000
21MonroeMichigan18,700,000
22SherburneMinnesota18,000,000
23DuvalFlorida17,500,000
24RosebudMontana17,200,000
25KanawhaWest Virginia17,100,000
26EmeryUtah16,700,000
27SpencerIndiana16,600,000
28SweetwaterWyoming16,500,000
29Los AngelesCalifornia16,400,000
30FranklinMissouri16,400,000
31TitusTexas16,300,000
32PottawatomieKansas16,300,000
33MillardUtah16,100,000
34ApacheArizona16,000,000
35WillIllinois15,600,000
36MuhlenbergKentucky15,400,000
37WestmorelandPennsylvania15,400,000
38ClermontOhio14,900,000
39HillsboroughFlorida14,800,000
40LewisWashington14,600,000
41BexarTexas14,600,000
42ClarkNevada14,500,000
43Pointe CoupeeLouisiana14,300,000
44HarrisonWest Virginia14,200,000
45PikeIndiana14,100,000
46MobileAlabama14,100,000
47ForsythNorth Carolina13,700,000
48RandolphIllinois13,600,000
49GrantWest Virginia13,500,000
50JeffersonArkansas13,400,000
51BrownOhio13,400,000
52LeonTexas13,300,000
53RogersOklahoma13,300,000
54MasonWest Virginia13,100,000
55JeffersonKentucky12,900,000
56CatawbaNorth Carolina12,700,000
57CarrollKentucky12,200,000
58ShelbyAlabama12,200,000
59IndependenceArkansas12,200,000
60FayetteTexas12,000,000
61FreestoneTexas12,000,000
62LinnKansas11,900,000
63CarrollGeorgia11,900,000
64MartinFlorida11,900,000
65CampTexas11,900,000
66ManateeFlorida11,800,000
67MarshallWest Virginia11,700,000
68Anne ArundelMaryland11,600,000
69MoffatColorado11,400,000
70CalcasieuLouisiana11,400,000
71LincolnNebraska11,100,000
72MaricopaArizona11,000,000
73QueensNew York11,000,000
74WayneMichigan11,000,000
75JasperIndiana11,000,000
76BrazoriaTexas10,900,000
77OttawaMichigan10,700,000
78McleanNorth Dakota10,600,000
79MuskogeeOklahoma10,600,000
80PotterTexas10,200,000
81PlatteWyoming10,100,000
82YorkPennsylvania10,100,000
83RoaneTennessee10,100,000
84TazewellIllinois10,000,000
85WarrickIndiana10,000,000
86PolkFlorida9,997,184
87JacksonAlabama9,976,111
88ChesterfieldVirginia9,865,334
89MccrackenKentucky9,851,850
90KenoshaWisconsin9,691,582
91BayMichigan9,679,930
92Contra CostaCalifornia9,672,508
93PutnamFlorida9,607,276
94MassacIllinois9,393,236
95FayettePennsylvania9,214,486
96MilwaukeeWisconsin9,214,344
97JacksonMississippi9,094,414
98CoshoctonOhio9,086,479
99WashingtonOhio9,038,868
100MontourPennsylvania8,964,147

Table 5. Top-25 CO2-Free Power Sectors by U.S. County

 CountyStateMWh per Year
1OconeeSouth Carolina19,000,000
2HamiltonTennessee18,900,000
3YorkSouth Carolina18,600,000
4LimestoneAlabama18,300,000
5SomervellTexas18,200,000
6BerrienMichigan16,700,000
7ColumbiaPennsylvania15,800,000
8ApplingGeorgia15,300,000
9LouisaVirginia14,700,000
10WascoOregon14,600,000
11CalvertMaryland14,000,000
12RheaTennessee10,300,000
13DouglasWashington10,200,000
14ClaiborneMississippi9,656,302
15ChelanWashington7,618,147
16NemahaNebraska6,120,753
17LakeCalifornia5,815,209
18Hood RiverOregon4,789,379
19BakerOregon4,357,426
20Pend OreilleWashington4,165,685
21KewauneeWisconsin4,110,068
22WashingtonNebraska4,027,674
23ColumbiaWashington2,429,436
24GarfieldWashington2,234,874
25Walla WallaWashington1,813,754

Table 6. Top-25 Highest CO2-Emitting Power Plants Worldwide

 PlantCityCountryTons of CO2
1TAICHUNGLung-Ching TownshipTaiwan (China)41,300,000
2PORYONGPoryong-gunSouth Korea37,800,000
3CASTLE PEAKTuen Mun NTChina35,800,000
4REFTINSKAYA SDPPReftinskyRussia33,000,000
5TUOKETUO-1Tuoketuo CountyChina32,400,000
6MAILIAO FPMailiaoTaiwan (China)32,400,000
7VINDHYACHALSidhi DistIndia29,000,000
8HEKINANHekinanJapan28,900,000
9KENDALWitbankSouth Africa28,600,000
10JANSCHWALDEPeitzGermany27,400,000
11SURALAYASerang - MerakIndonesia27,200,000
12TANGJINTangjin-kunSouth Korea26,900,000
13MAJUBAVolksrustSouth Africa26,500,000
14TAEANTaeanSouth Korea26,400,000
15BEILUNGANGNingbo CityChina26,000,000
16WAIGAOQIAOShanghai PudongChina26,000,000
17TAISHANTongluowanChina26,000,000
18BELCHATOWBelchatow 5Poland25,500,000
19MATIMBAEllisrasSouth Africa25,500,000
20SCHERERJulietteUnited States25,300,000
21HSINTAYungan TownshipTaiwan (China)25,300,000
22SAMCHONPOKosung-gunSouth Korea25,200,000
23DRAXSelbyUnited Kingdom23,700,000
24NIEDERAUSSEMBergheimGermany23,600,000
25JIANBIZhenjiang CityChina23,500,000

Table 7. Top-50 Countries with Highest CO2-Emitting Power Sectors

 CountryTons of CO2
1United States2,790,000,000
2China2,680,000,000
3Russia661,000,000
4India583,000,000
5Japan400,000,000
6Germany356,000,000
7Australia226,000,000
8South Africa222,000,000
9United Kingdom212,000,000
10South Korea185,000,000
11Poland166,000,000
12Italy165,000,000
13Taiwan (China)153,000,000
14Spain148,000,000
15Canada144,000,000
16Turkey102,000,000
17Mexico101,000,000
18Indonesia92,900,000
19Iran86,200,000
20Ukraine79,100,000
21Thailand76,400,000
22Saudi Arabia75,900,000
23Kazakhstan62,300,000
24Malaysia61,100,000
25Netherlands58,900,000
26Czech Republic55,700,000
27Greece50,500,000
28Israel46,500,000
29France45,800,000
30Egypt45,000,000
31Serbia37,200,000
32Philippines35,900,000
33Romania34,500,000
34Uzbekistan34,000,000
35Argentina32,800,000
36Finland31,700,000
37Belgium31,100,000
38United Arab Emirates28,500,000
39Vietnam28,500,000
40Pakistan28,200,000
41Bulgaria25,200,000
42Brazil24,000,000
43Denmark23,600,000
44Chile23,100,000
45Portugal22,700,000
46Belarus21,500,000
47Singapore20,600,000
48Kuwait19,400,000
49Algeria17,200,000
50Hungary16,700,000

Embargoed: November 14, 2007, 4:00 p.m. EST

Contacts:
Marshall Hoffman (703) 533-3535; (703) 801-8602 mobile
Nils Hoffman-Video (703 967-1490 mobile
CGD- Ben Edwards, CGD, (202) 416-0740; (215) 570-7468 mobile
CGD-Kevin Ummel-Data (202) 416-0729

Interviews with David Wheeler, architect of CARMA, are available November 13 & 14.
For TV producers, a B-roll is available.
Carbon Monitoring for Action (CARMA) database is available at http://www.CARMA.org

Category: Press Release
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